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Burns

Burn Injuries

Burns may be caused by many means; from thermal energy such as the sun or a heat source, to chemical processes, or even electrical exposure.

We characterize the seriousness of a burn by the degree of its depth in skin tissue and the severity of the injury.

Burn_Degree_Diagram-deA first-degree burn, therefore, affects only the superficial layers of the skin. A common example of first-degree burn is sunburn. Pain, tenderness, and redness commonly characterize this condition.

A second-degree burn involves deeper tissue damage. It may be caused by exposure to very hot surfaces, or by scalding from hot liquids or steam. A splotchy, red and white appearance, and the appearance of blisters often characterize second-degree burns. Because of the significant pain and fluid loss, shock is also a consideration.

A third-degree burn involves charring of the skin tissue. In most cases, third-degree burns will destroy the skin tissue as well as the nerve roots beneath the skin. This may cause a loss of sensation in the burned area. Be very careful not to further contaminate a burned area, as the skin is no longer functioning as an adequate barrier against infection.

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